What is personal injury protection?

Personal injury protection (PIP), also known as no-fault insurance, covers medical expenses and lost wages for you and your passengers if you're injured in an accident. PIP coverage protects you regardless of who's at fault. Personal injury protection insurance is mandatory in some states and optional or not offered at all in other states.

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What does personal injury protection (PIP) cover?

Personal injury protection coverage can take care of medical bills for you and anyone covered on your policy. In some states, non-medical benefits, such as coverage for lost wages, household services, and disability, can protect you, your passengers, and family members in your household, even if they're not on your policy.

Depending on the state you live in, PIP may cover:

  • Medical bills for you and those covered on your policy (also covers you if you're hit by a car while walking or riding a bike)

  • Lost wages if you or your passengers are injured and can't work

  • Household services such as childcare, house cleaning, or yard work

  • Disability and rehab costs

  • Death benefit (paid to your family if you're in a fatal car accident)

Pro tip:

In some states, your PIP coverage may include a deductible, with a range of deductible amounts for you to choose from. Learn more about personal injury protection deductibles.

What is a no-fault insurance state?

A no-fault insurance state requires drivers to carry PIP coverage so that some or all of their medical expenses resulting from a car accident are covered by their own insurance, regardless of who's at fault. No-fault states also put restrictions on the right to sue so only lawsuits that involve severe injuries can be filed. The intent of the no-fault system is to reduce the cost of auto insurance by keeping lawsuits over minor injuries out of the courtroom. Learn more about the differences between at-fault and no-fault accidents.

The majority of states are considered at-fault states and only require liability insurance in lieu of PIP coverage, although PIP coverage is optional or mandatory in some at-fault states. Learn about the car insurance requirements in your state.

What isn't covered by PIP insurance?

No-fault insurance won't cover you for expenses unrelated to personal injuries after an accident, such as:

What is the difference between bodily injury coverage and PIP?

Bodily injury liability coverage pays for other people's injuries you cause in an accident, whereas PIP covers injuries that you and your passengers suffer. In most no-fault insurance states, drivers are still required to carry bodily injury liability coverage to pay for injuries that exceed the state's threshold for bodily injury lawsuits. Learn more about the differences between bodily injury coverage and personal injury protection.

Med Pay vs. PIP

If your state doesn't require or offer PIP, you may be able to add medical payments coverage (Med Pay) to your auto policy instead. Like PIP, Med Pay covers injuries that you or your passengers suffer in an accident, regardless of fault. However, it won't cover additional expenses related to your injuries, such as lost wages or household services.

How can I select the right amount of personal injury protection coverage?

Consider your health insurance: Do you need PIP if you have health insurance? If you have great health insurance, you could select a lower amount of PIP coverage. That may be a good strategy for saving money if you know you're already well-covered under your health insurance. This is especially true if you have a low health insurance deductible.

Consider your health insurance deductible: If you live in a state where PIP is optional, consider purchasing at least the minimum amount of coverage if you don't have health insurance or you're on a high-deductible health plan.

Know which type of insurance pays first: PIP usually comes before your medical insurance when paying out a claim. If you're injured in an auto accident, in most states your PIP coverage will be in the primary position and any health insurance you have will be secondary.

Add PIP if you don't have life insurance: Adding PIP could help your family cover unforeseen expenses if you're in a fatal auto accident, though it's still worth considering life insurance to provide a greater death benefit to your family.

Consider your lost wages: If your job requires physical labor, can you afford to miss time if you're injured in an auto accident? If not, consider adding PIP or increasing your limits since it covers lost wages (up to a specific amount and length of time).

Find out how PIP coverage works in your state

Call 1-866-749-7436 to speak with a licensed rep and get help choosing the right coverage level for you. Or get a car insurance quote online, and we'll show you all your options. Learn more about PIP coverage from Progressive.

Pro tip:

Our car insurance calculator can help you figure out if you need personal injury protection, as well as other types of coverage.

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